The Argentine Republic national pavilion was north of the Administration building and near  Austria. It  was a  smaller  scale  reproduction of the second and third stories of the Government Palace at Buenos Aires, known as Casa Rosa, the 'Pink Palace' of Argentina's Presidents.   The structure fronts the beautiful Piaza Mayo of Argentine's capital, and covers an area equal to two entire city blocks. The style of the Fair pavilion was an adaptation of French Renaissance, showing an imposing pavilion framing a monumental entrance that was  characterized throughout by highly ornate sculptural effects.

The principal facade of the building represented a series of beautiful arcades, relieved at intervals by allegorical statuary typifying the republican principles and progressive tendencies of the Argentine nation. Immediately behind this facade, above and below, were two deep corridors opening upon which were entrances to the main building. 

The first floor was divided into four large rooms, two on either side of a broad hall, two being occupied as offices of the commission and the other two were used to entertain visitors with  photographic exhibition of Argentine's  scenery and architectural features of some of her  cities.  Many paintings and photographs of the Argentinean Republic covered the  walls.  Photos  were framed, in albums   and  were displayed  in  stereoscopic  apparatus.  

At the extremity of the central hallway of the pavilion was a broad stairway, with dividing flights,  it reached the second floor, which was originally designed for a lecture room, but this purpose was reconsidered when an offer was made by Sr. Manuel B. Zavaleta to exhibit his remarkable archaeological and anthropological collection at the Fair.

As Mr. Zavaleta was a distinguished citizen of Argentina, a tender was made to him of the large hall in the building in which his exhibit of Indian antiquities was accordingly installed. This  museum of relics of prehistoric South American races was the result of nearly thirty years of patient and intelligent investigation and labor in gathering objects produced by ancient peoples, with the view not only of showing their social condition prior to the Spanish invasion, but also to demonstrate the parallelism that existed in the culture of the two American continents. The collection contained 4,565 pieces of pottery, figurines, flint fabrications, ceremonial stones, skulls, implements, weapons, ornaments and domestic utensils, all of which were brought to the Exposition at the private expense of Mr. Zavaleta.

Argentine not only erected a beautiful pavilion at the Fair, but the government also participated generously in all the prominent departments of the Exposition, to which end a corps of commissioners was appointed as follows: Dr. Jose V. Fernandez, Commissioner-General; Mr. Eduardo Schiaffino, commissioner of fine arts; Mr. Enrique M. Nelson, A. E., commissioner of .agriculture and forestry; Dr. Damian Lan, commissioner of live stock; Mr. Horacio Anasagasti, M. E., commissioner of mines and liberal arts; Mr. Guillermo Puente, E. E., commissioner of manufactures and electricity; Mr. Ernesto Nelson, commissioner of education; Dr. Luiz A. Sauze, and Mr. Jose de Olivar
Dr. Jose V. Fernandez  was the commissioner-general. 

A canvas fire-escape chute was featured  in the building  to promote their world-wide sales of the item.

There were  maps and pictures of scenes of the country.

Tropical flowers abounded  in the gardens. 

The structure cost 10,000 dollars to build.  

The Argentine importance  and exhibitions ranked the  country  as  one  of  the best participants  of  the  1904 World's  Fair.  The total  amount of  money  expended during  the  Exposition  totaled 300,000 dollars  gold.

Pavilion and  exhibition  spaced  totaled  20,000 square  feet. 

The Argentine Republic  had  a grand  exhibit  wool  and of  Merino and Lincoln  sheep, as  well as  sheepskin  and hides.

In the Palace of  Agriculture,  the  country  displayed  a fine  exhibit  of  dairy  products  (in particular- butter and    cheese),    and  machinery.   Many  examples  of  wheat,  corn  and cotton were shown. There were samples  of  67 pounds to  the  bushel  of  wheat. Exhibits  of  linseed  and  flax  were  also impressive. 

Leather products  dominated the Argentinean presence in the Palace  of  Manufacturers.  The   country  also  displayed  a fine  selection  of  hats,  footwear,  textiles, clothes  and furniture. 

In the  Palace  of  Liberal  Arts,  Argentine plans  and  models  supported a  desire  to  modernize  navigation  of  rivers  and  seas, and  dams. Because of  the  size  of these  models  (one  was  a huge  miniature of  the  harbor  of  Buenos  Aires), the  display  had  to  be  shown  in  a  special section of  the Palace. 

The  Republic  of  Argentine  utilized   two rooms  in the  west  wing  of  the Palace  of  Fine  Arts. 
This is not the Argentine Republic Fair pavilion but a   quick interpretation by myself of  what the exhibit might  resemble. 
Argentine Republic
Great Britain 
United  States (Gov.)

Other Nations


Lee  Gaskins'   AT THE FAIR  The 1904 St. Louis World's   Fair  
                     Web  Design and Art/Illustration   copyrighted  2008