Frank Lloyd Wright was a modern architect who developed an organic and distinctly American style. He designed numerous iconic buildings. Born on June 8, 1867, in Richland Center, Wisconsin. After college, he became chief assistant to architect Louis Sullivan. Wright then founded his own firm and developed a style known as the Prairie school, which strove for an "organic architecture" in designs for homes and commercial buildings.
Wright began an apprenticeship with the Chicago architectural firm of Adler and Sullivan, working directly under Louis Sullivan, the great American architect best known as "the father of skyscrapers." Sullivan, who rejected ornate European styles in favor of a cleaner aesthetic summed up by his maxim "form follows function," had a profound influence on Wright.
After teaching during the Great Depression, Wright announced his return to the profession in dramatic fashion in 1935 with Fallingwater, a residence for Pittsburgh's acclaimed Kaufmann family. It remains one of Wright's most celebrated works, a national landmark widely considered one of the most beautiful homes ever built.
In 1943, Wright began designing the Guggenheim Museum of modern and contemporary art in New York City. The museum consists of a single gallery along a ramp that coils up from the ground floor. While Lloyd's design was highly controversial at the time, it is now revered as one of New York City's finest buildings.
Although he did not like the Victorian style of the Fair's architecture, Wright, visited the St. Louis Exposition and was impressed by the Vienna Secessionists who had work on display.
Geronimo was born on June 16, 1829 – was a prominent leader and medicine man from the Bedonkohe band of the Apache tribe. From 1850 to 1886 Geronimo joined with members of three other Chiricahua Apache bands to carry out numerous raids as well as resistance to US and Mexican military campaigns in the northern Mexico states and in New Mexico and Arizona. Geronimo's raids and related combat actions were a part of the prolonged period of the Apache–United States conflict, which started with American settlement in Apache lands following the end of the war with Mexico in 1848.
In 1886, after an intense pursuit in Northern Mexico by U.S. forces that followed Geronimo's third 1885 reservation "breakout", Geronimo surrendered for the last time to Lt. Charles Bare Gatewood.
In his old age, Geronimo became a celebrity. He appeared at fairs, including the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, where he reportedly rode a ferris wheel and sold souvenirs and photographs of himself. However, he was not allowed to return to the land of his birth. He died at the Fort Sill hospital in 1909. He was still a prisoner of war.
When he was asked to attend the St. Louis World's Fair, he did not wish to go. He was informed that he would receive good attention and protection, and that the President of the United States wanted him. He stayed at the 1904 Exposition for six months. Photographs sold for twenty-five cents, in which Geronimo could keep 40 % of whatever he made. He made as much as two dollars a day, which was substantial in those days.
Kate Chopin, daughter of a prominent French family and at the time local author, collapsed at the St. Louis 1904 World’s Fair on August 20, 1904. Madame Chopin was only 54 years old and suffered a brain hemorrhage or aneurism. She died at her home on McPherson Avenue on August 22, 1904.
Kate Chopin was born Kate O’Flaherty in St. Louis, MO on February 8, 1850. Her father was a successful businessman. Her mother Eliza Faris was a prominent member of the French community.
Kate Chopin married Oscar Chopin in 1870 and moved to New Orleans, Louisiana. She had six children in the following eight years.
Kate Chopin had some talent as a writer. She was able to publish a number of short stories. Many of the stories were published in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
On Saturday, August 20, 1904, Madame Chopin was visiting the World’s Fair, when she collapsed. Madame Chopin was taken to her McPherson home, where she passed away on Monday, August 22, 1904 due to bleeding on her brain.
William Howard Taft was born on September 15, 1857, and was the 27th President of the United States (1909–1913) and the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices. His father, Alphonso Taft, was a U.S. Attorney General and Secretary of War. Taft attended Yale and, like his father, was a member of Skull and Bones. Taft was appointed governor of the Philippines in 1901. He viewed the 1904 World’s Fair as an opportunity to gain support for the American occupation of the Philippines
In 1904, Roosevelt made him Secretary of War.William Taft, Governor of the Philippines, viewed the 1904 World’s Fair as an opportunity to gain support for the American occupation of the Philippines
On opening day at the Fair, William Howard Taft arrived in a carriage escorted by cavalry from Jefferson Barracks and spoke for President Theodore Roosevelt President Roosevelt. Although Roosevelt's message was received to start the machinery and the cascades, Francis ignored it till Taft had made his address. He then pretended to receive the signal and the machinery and waterfalls were started while the flags burst forth from the exhibit
palaces. Taft and Fair President David R. Francis viewed the Philippine Reservation together.
Taft died on March 8, 1930
John Philip Sousa was born on November 6, 1854 ) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era, known primarily for American military and patriotic marches. Because of his mastery of march composition, he is known as "The March King."
Sousa began his career playing violin and studying music theory and composition under John Esputa and George Felix Benkert. His father enlisted him in the United States Marine Band as an apprentice in 1868. After departing the band in 1875, Sousa learned to conduct. From 1880 until his death, he focused exclusively on conducting and the writing of music.
At the outbreak of World War I, Sousa was commissioned as a lieutenant commander and led the Naval Reserve Band in Illinois. Following his tenure, he returned to conduct the Sousa Band until his death on March 6, 1932.
Sousa, himself, conducted the ensemble on opening day of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, April 30, 1904.
Thomas Stearns Eliot, was born in St. Louis on September 26, 1888 – , was an essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic, and "one of the twentieth century's major poets". He moved to England in 1914 at the age of 25, settling, working, and marrying there. He eventually became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39, renouncing his American passport.
Eliot attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" (1915), which was seen as a masterpiece of the Modernist movement. It was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including The Waste Land (1922), "The Hollow Men" (1925), "Ash Wednesday" (1930), and Four Quartets (1943). He was also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Cocktail Party (1949). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. He died on January 4, 1965.
One of the more significant events of his life at that time was his attendance at the St. Louis World’s Fair in 1904. During that visit, he spent some time at an exhibit that showed the life in a typical Filipino village among the Igorot people. It was likely that this influenced Eliot’s decision to include studies on anthropology while he was a philosophy student at Harvard. Eliot used every ticket but one in his booklet (ticket # S1313).
Walter Elias Disney was born on December 5, 1901 was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of cartoons. As a film producer, Disney holds the record for most Academy Awards earned by an individual, having won 22 Oscars from 59 nominations.
Born in Chicago in 1901, Disney developed an early interest in drawing. He took art classes as a boy and got a job as a commercial illustrator at the age of 18. He moved to California in the early 1920s and set up the Disney Brothers Studio with his brother Roy. With Ub Iwerks, Walt developed the character Mickey Mouse in 1928, his first highly popular success
In the 1955, Disney opened Disneyland.
In 1965, he began development of another theme park, Disney World, the heart of which was to be a new type of city, the "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow" (EPCOT). Disney was a heavy smoker throughout his life, and died of lung cancer in December 1966 before either the park or the EPCOT project were completed.
His father (a carpenter building the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago, told Walt and his family stories of the Chicago Exposition. Although there is not 100% documented proof that a baby Walt attended the 1904 World's Fair. I have read a letter that more than hinted at it; yet that letter/info. was lost, so I have no positive proof. But with the 1893 connection as well as the Disney's move to Marceline Mo. in 1905, evidence seems at least possible.
Amelia Mary Earhart was born on July 24, 1897; and disappeared July 2, 1937); she was an American aviation pioneer and author. Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She received the United States Distinguished Flying Cross for this accomplishment. She set many other records, wrote best-selling books about her flying experiences and was instrumental in the formation of The Ninety-Nines, an organization for female pilots. In 1935, Earhart became a visiting faculty member at Purdue University as an advisor to aeronautical engineering and a career counselor to women students. She was also a member of the National Woman's Party and an early supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment.
During an attempt to make a circumnavigational flight of the globe in 1937 in a Purdue-funded Lockheed Model 10-E Electra, Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the central Pacific Ocean near Howland Island. Fascination with her life, career, and disappearance continues to this day.
At the age of six, Amelia visited the 1904 World's Fair with her family. She was not allowed to ride the rollercoaster at the Fair, (because it was "too dangerous for little girls").
Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber was born April 21, 1864 was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist. His ideas profoundly influenced social theory and social research. Weber is often cited, with Émile Durkheim and Karl Marx, as among the three founders of sociology.
Weber's main intellectual concern was understanding the processes of rationalization, secularization, and "disenchantment" that he associated with the rise of capitalism and modernity. Weber emphasized the importance of cultural influences embedded in religion as a means for understanding the genesis of capitalism.
Weber also made a variety of other contributions in economic history, as well as economic theory and methodology. Weber's analysis of modernity and rationalization significantly influenced the critical theory associated with the Frankfurt School. After the First World War, Max Weber was among the founders of the liberal German Democratic Party. He also ran unsuccessfully for a seat in parliament and served as advisor to the committee that drafted the ill-fated democratic Weimar Constitution of 1919. After contracting Spanish flu, he died of pneumonia in 1920, aged 56.
In 1904, Weber also took up an invitation to speak on rural societies to an audience at the Congress of Arts and Sciences, affiliated with the World’S Fair at St Louis.
Max Factor: Maksymilian Faktorowicz was born on September 15, 1872 ), was a Polish-Jewish businessman, entrepreneur and inventor. Founder of the cosmetics giant Max Factor & Company, he largely developed the modern cosmetics industry and popularized the term make-up in noun form based on the verb.
He is also known for doing makeovers for starlets and giving them their signature looks; his most iconic works include Jean Harlow's platinum hair, Clara Bow's bob, Lucille Ball's false lashes and red curls, and Joan Crawford's "Hunter's Bow", or overdrawn lips.
in 1902 Factor made a new start in St. Louis, Missouri. He sold his rouges and creams at the 1904 World's Fair, operating under the newly re-spelled name Max Factor. Factor died at the age of 65 in Beverly Hills, California, in August, 1938.
Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3, 1847 was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone. He also founded the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in 1885.
Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell's life's work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876. Bell considered his invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have a telephone in his study.
Many other inventions marked Bell's later life, including groundbreaking work in optical telecommunications, hydrofoils, and aeronautics. Although Bell was not one of the 33 founders of the National Geographic Society, he had a strong influence on the magazine while serving as the second president from January 7, 1898, until 1903. He died on August 2, 1922.
Bell attended the Fair, and was also the President of the Association to Promote the Teaching of Speech to the Deaf
Etta Place born 1878 , was a companion of the American outlaws Butch Cassidy (real name Robert LeRoy Parker) and the Sundance Kid (Harry Alonzo Longabaugh), both members of the outlaw gang known as the Wild Bunch. Principally the companion of Longabaugh, little is known about her; both her origin and her fate remain shrouded in mystery.
The Pinkerton Detective Agency described her in 1906 as having, "classic good looks, 27 or 28 years old, 5'4" to 5'5" [163–165 cm] in height, weighing between 110 and 115 lb [50 and 52 kg], with a medium build and brown hair."
According to the October 24, 1904 Pinkerton Detective Agency records, Sundance and Etta Place returned to Fort Worth and then took in the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis.
Harry Alonzo Longabaugh Born in 1867 , better known as the Sundance Kid, was an outlaw and member of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch in the American Old West. He likely met Butch Cassidy after Parker was released from prison around 1896. Together with the other members of "The Wild Bunch" gang, they performed the longest string of successful train and bank robberies in American history.
After pursuing a career in crime for several years in the United States, the pressures of being pursued, notably by the Pinkerton Detective Agency, forced Longabaugh, his girlfriend Etta Place, and Cassidy to leave the United States. The trio fled first to Argentina and then to Bolivia, where Parker and Longabaugh were reportedly killed in a shootout in November 1908.
In 1902, Sundance wanted to let friends know he was moving on to a new life and had sent the photo as a farewell gesture. Evidence suggests Sundance made a few more trips back to the United States prior to his death. He returned to New York with Etta Place in 1902 for medical treatment and likely did so again in 1904 in order to attend the World’s Fair in St. Louis.