John Coalter Bates: was born on August 26, 1842, and was the Chief of Staff of the United States Army from January to April 1906. A Missourian, he fought in the American Civil War with the U.S. 11th Infantry Regiment and was later was an aide to General George G. Meade.
He commanded a division in the Philippines in the early stages of the Philippine-American War. He was military governor of Cienfuegos in 1899, went that year to the Philippines, where he conducted the negotiations with the Sultan of Sulu. From 1900-1901, he commanded the 1st Division, VIII Corps, conducted operations against insurgents in southern Luzon, and then commanded that department.
He retired from active service in April 190 and died in San Diego, California on February 4th, 1919. Bates was involved with the Opening Day ceremonies for the 190 World's Fair.
Abe Attell: was a Jewish fighter born in San Francisco, California on February 22, 1884 in an Irish neighborhood. Attell's father abandoned his family when Attell was 13, so Attell had to sell newspapers to support his family.
Attell's first fight was on August 19, 1900, when he knocked out Kid Lennett in two rounds. Hethen won 10 fights in a row by knockout and later moved to Denver, Colorado, where he met Dixon for the world's Featherweight championship in 1903, when Attell was 18. He beat Dixon by a decision in 15 rounds, and became world featherweight champion. He lost the crown in his second defense, being knocked out in five rounds by Tommy Sullivan.
I found a resource (The Western Pennsylvania historical magazine), that states that at the 1904 World's Fair, Attell was knocked out by the clever featherweight, Jack McClelland. It was not a title bout. No other reference verifies this.
During his time as a world champion, Attell, now nicknamed- "The Little Champ" was allegedly involved with gambler/gangster Arnold Rothstein. Attell went on to lose his world Featherweight title in 1912, losing by a 20 round decision, in a fight that Attell was accused of an assortment of other illegal methods to win the fight.
Attell was involved in one of sport's largest scandals of all time, when he was accused in 1920 of being the messenger between Rothstein and players of the Chicago White Sox baseball organization, during the planning stages of the alleged fix of the 1919 World Series, also known as the Black Sox scandal.
Bat Masterson, Dean of the New York boxing journalists, considered Abe Attell pound for pound the best fighter, outside of Wyatt Earp, that he had ever seen. Attell had a record of 92 wins, 10 losses, 18 draws and 45 no-decisions, with 51 wins by knockout. Attell died in New Paltz, New York, on February 7, 1970. He was the #2 featherweight of all-time.
Ferdinand Tönnies: was born on July 26, 1855, near Oldenswort (Eiderstedt, North Frisia), was a was a German sociologist. He was a major contributor to sociological theory and field studies, as well as bringing Thomas Hobbes back on the agenda, by publishing his manuscripts. He is best known for his distinction between two types of social groups — Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. Tönnies, the first German sociologist proper, published over 900 works and contributed to many areas of sociology and philosophy. Co-founder of the German Society for Sociology, he served on that council for 14 years before being removed by the Nazis.
Tönnies was part of a 96 person delegation of the
International Congress of Art and Sciences that
attended conferences at the 1904 World's Fair.
He also had a vivid interest in methodology, especially
statistics, and sociological research, inventing his own
technique of statistical association. Tönnies died on
April 9, 1936, in Kiel, Germany.
Bee Ho Gray: (actual name- Emberry Cannon Gray), was born on April 7, 1885 in Leon, Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory ) was a Western performer who spent fifty years displaying his skills in Wild West Shows, vaudeville, circus, silent films and radio. While he was primarily known as an expert at trick roping, he was also skilled with knife throwing, bullwhips (specifically the Australian black snake whip), trick riding and the banjo. Throughout his long career he was constantly compared to Will Rogers, which was befitting, considering the two performers worked together several times and developed their acts together in the early 1900s.
Bee Ho’s first notable performances were with Colonel
Cummins’ Wild West Indian Congress and Rough Riders
of the World at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
During his career, Bee Ho gave command performances
for at least four United States presidents, members of
European royalty and many diplomats and notables. He
died in Pueblo, Colorado on August 3, 1951 at the age
of sixty-six while visiting his sister.
Richard Fenton Outcault: was born on January 14, 1863 - , 1928) was an American comic strip writer-artist and is considered the inventor of the modern comic strip.
Born in Lancaster, Ohio, Outcault enrolled in the McMicken University’s School of Design at the age of 15, where he studied for three years. After graduation, Outcault was employed by Thomas Edison as a technical illustrator, traveling to Paris as the official artist for Edison’s exhibit of electric lighting. In 1890, he moved to New York, where he joined Electrical World (a magazine owned by one of Edison’s friends) and became a regular contributor to Truth magazine, Judge and Life.
After he signed on with Joseph Pulitzer's New York World, Pulitzer placed Outcault's comics in a color supplement, using a single-panel color cartoon on the front page called Hogan's Alley, depicting an event in a fictional slum. A character in the panel, The Yellow Kid, gave rise to the phrase "yellow journalism."
Less than a year later, In October 1896, Outcault defected to William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal. The result of a lawsuit awarded the title "Hogan's Alley" to the World and "The Yellow Kid" to the Journal. In 1902, Outcault introduced Buster Brown, a mischievous boy dressed in Little Lord Fauntleroy style, and his dog Tige. The strip and characters were very popular.
Outcault licensed his Buster Brown character to
many companies, and meeting a young Brown Shoe
executive at the Fair, he licensed Buster to the Brown
Shoe Company for 200 dollars.
Richard F. Outcault died in September 25 1928
in Flushing, New York.
Outcault was a 2008 Judges' Choice inductee into
the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame.
Jules Henri Poincaré: was born on April 29, 1854, and was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, and a philosopher of science. Poincaré is often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as The Last Universalist, since he excelled in all fields of the discipline.
He was responsible for formulating the Poincaré conjecture, one of the most famous problems in mathematics. Poincaré became the first person to discover a chaotic deterministic system which laid the foundations of modern chaos theory. He is considered to be one of the founders of the field of topology.
Beginning in 1881 and for the rest of his career, he taught at the University of Paris (the Sorbonne).
In 1887 he won Oscar II, King of Sweden's mathematical competition for a resolution of the three-body problem concerning the free motion of multiple orbiting bodies.
Poincaré was part of a 96 person delegation of
the International Congress of Art and Sciences
that attended conferences at the 1904 World's Fair.
It was considered one of the biggest group of free-
thinkers ever assembled at that time.
E.T. Whittaker (a famous English mathematician),
held that Poincaré and Hendrik Lorentz were the true
Lee Gaskins' AT THE FAIR The 1904 St. Louis World's Fair
Web Design and Art/Illustration copyrighted 2008
Many foreign dignitaries and celebrities (or future celebrities), visited the 1904 World's Fair. here are a few famous people that either performers or visited the Fair. This list is by no means a complete list. if anyone would like to add some other known fairgoers, please send me some information and I will add and credit you. The people are listed in order that I either discovered them or found a picture of them.
John Coalter Bates during day one of the 1904 World's Fair.
Liliuokalani: was born on September 2nd, 1838 born Lydia Kamakaeha Kaola Mali Liliuokalani, was the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Born to High Chieftess Analea Keohokalole and High Chief Caesar Kaluaiku Kapa`akea. In accordance with Hawaiian tradition, she was adopted at birth by Abner Pākī and his wife Laura Kōnia.
On September 16, 1862, Liliuokalani married John Owen Dominis, who became Governor of O`ahu and Maui.
In April of 1877, Liliuokalani was announced as heir apparent to the throne of Hawaii. She was referred to as "Crown Princess." She inherited the throne from her brother Kalākaua on January 29, 1891.[
On 14 January 1893, a group composed of Americans and Europeans formed a Committee of Safety seeking to overthrow the Hawaiian Kingdom, depose the Queen, and seek annexation to the United States and tthis came to fruition three days later.
The administration of Grover Cleveland commissioned the Blount Report, and based on its findings, concluded that the overthrow of Liliuokalani was illegal,
Lili`uokalani was arrested on 16 January 1895 (several days after a failed rebellion by Robert Wilcox) when firearms were found in the gardens of her home, of which she denied any knowledge. She was sentenced to five years imprisonment in an upstairs bedroom and fined 5,000, dollars. Following her release, she was placed under house arrest for a year and in 1896, the Republic of Hawaii gave her a full pardon and restored her civil rights.
Liliuokalani arrived at the 1904 Fair on May 9th.
In 1910, Liliuokalani brought an unsuccessful lawsuit
against the United States seeking compensation under
the Fifth Amendment for the loss of the Hawaiian crown land.
Liliuokalani was an accomplished author and songwriter.
The Queen was also remembered for her support of Buddhist
and Shinto priests in Hawaii She lived in Washington Place
until her death in 1917 due to complications from a stroke
at the age of 79.
Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth: was born on February 12, 1884; she was the oldest child of Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States. She was the only child of Roosevelt and his first wife, Alice Hathaway Lee.
Alice married Nicholas Longworth, a Republican U.S. House of
Representatives member from Cincinnati, Ohio, who ultimately would
rise to become Speaker of the House. Their 1906 wedding was
the social event of the season. Alice strongly advised her
father against challenging the renomination of William
Howard Taft on the Republican 1912 ticket.
When it came time for the Roosevelt family to move out of the
White House, Alice buried a Voodoo doll of the new First Lady,
Nellie Taft in the front yard.
During Woodrow Wilson's administration (from which she was
banned in 1916 for a bawdy joke at Wilson's expense), Alice
worked endlessly against the entry of the United States into
the League of Nations.
A friend of Richard M. Nixon, the president invited Alice to
his first formal White House dinner. She was also invited to
the wedding of his daughter Tricia Nixon in 1971, though
their friendship ended after the Watergate Scandal. Though
Alice was Theodore Roosevelt's first-born child, she survived
all her five half-siblings from her father's second marriage and
died February 20, 1980.
Alice, at the age of 20, dedicated the British Pavilion on May 26,
and the Mexican Pavilion 2 days later. On June 5nd,
she rode the Observational Wheel after the day she
presented Olympic medals. She enjoyed the Pike
on her last day. She returned the Fair in
Booker Taliaferro Washington: was born on April 5, 1856 was an American political leader, educator, orator and author. He was the dominant figure in the African American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915. Representing the last generation of black leaders born in slavery, and speaking for those blacks who had remained in the New South in an uneasy modus vivendi with the white southerners, Washington was able throughout the final 25 years of his life to maintain his standing as the black leader because of the sponsorship of powerful whites, substantial support within the black community, his ability to raise educational funds from both groups, and his skillful accommodation to the social realities of the age of segregation.
Washington was born into slavery to Jane, an enslaved African American woman on the Burroughs Plantation in southwest Virginia. He knew little about his white father. His family gained freedom in 1865 as the Civil War ended.
At the age of sixteen, Washington enrolled at the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, in Hampton, Virginia. Students with little income such as
Washington could work at the school to pay their way.
Washington revealed that Henry Rogers had been quietly
funding operations of 65 small country schools for African
Americans, and had given substantial sums of money to
support Tuskegee Institute and Hampton Institute.
Washington was granted an honorary master's degree from
Harvard University in 1896 and an honorary doctorate from
Dartmouth College in 1901.
Washington, as the guest of President Theodore Roosevelt in
1901, was the first African-American ever invited to the White
Booker spoke in Festivall Hall at the 1904 World's Fair
on June 30th on `the Education of the Southern Negro.'
On April 7, 1940, Washington became the first African
American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
In New York City, Washington collapsed and was brought
home to Tuskegee, where he died on November 14, 1915 at
the age of 59.
Berna Eli "Barney" Oldfield: was born June 3, 1878 and was an automobile racer and pioneer. He was the first man to drive a car at 60 miles per hour on an oval.
Oldfield began as a bicycle racer in 1894, winning silver medals and a gold watch.
After graduating to automobiles, on June 20, 1903, at the Indiana State Fairgrounds in Indiana, Oldfield became the first driver to run a mile track in one minute flat or 60 miles per hour (97 km/h). Two months later, he drove a mile in 55.8 seconds at the Empire City Race Track in Yonkers, New York.
Oldfield was suspended by the AAA for his "outlaw" racing activities and was unable to race at sanctioned events for much of the prime of his career. Speed records, match races and exhibitions made up most of Oldfield's career. He put on at least 35 shows in 1914 with the aviator Lincoln Beachey. Oldfield raced his Fiat car against Beachey's aircraft.
He was reinstated and he competed in the 1914 and 1916 Indianapolis 500, finishing fifth in each attempt but becoming the first person in Indianapolis history to run a 100 mile per hour lap. In 1915 he won the Venice, California 300 road race.
He developed the Oldfield tire for Firestone, which helped put Firestone on the map. He does on October 4, 1946.
Barney visited the 1904 World's Fair on August 27th.