John Oliver Hindon: was born in Stirling, Scotland, on April 20, 1874, also known as Captain Jack Hindon of the Hindon Scouts or Dynamite Jack for his attacks during the Anglo-Boer War against British supply and troop trains.
Hindon traveled inland to the Transvaal Republic where he became a stonemason and later a police officer. He assisted the Boers against Leander Starr Jameson who, under orders from Cecil John Rhodes, tried to take the Transvaal Republic and its gold deposits by force. Hindon was rewarded for his loyalty to the Boer government with citizenship. When the Anglo-Boer War started he was sequestered to the Middelburg commando and fought with distinction during the war.
Immediately after the war he began to suffer from a combat induced neurological disease.
Marrying Martha Coetzee in 1904, he traveled to St Louis to perform in the Boer War Show at the Exposition. The show was taken to Coney Island where it went bankrupt, stranding its players in New York without finances.
Hindon died sick, a broken man in 1919.
Mary Edwards Walker: born on November 26, 1832 in Oswego, New York, into an abolitionist family. She was the only woman of the nation's 1.8 million women veterans, to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor, for her medical service during the Civil War.
Her father, a country doctor, was a free thinking participant in many of the reform movements that thrived in upstate New York in the mid 1800s.
Mary, became an early enthusiast for Women's Rights, and passionately espoused the issue of dress reform. The most famous proponent of dress reform was Amelia Bloomer, a native of Homer, New York, whose defended a colleague's right to wear "Turkish pantaloons" in her Ladies' Temperance Newspaper, the Lily.
In 1856 she married another physician, Albert Miller, wearing trousers and a man's coat and kept her own name. They divorced 13 years later.
Denied a commission she volunteered as a medis during the war with the states. She was the first female doctor in the US Army, and worked as a field surgeon near the Union front lines for almost two years (including Fredericksburg and in Chattanooga after the Battle of Chickamauga). She continually crossed Confederate lines to treat civilians.
She was taken prisoner in 1864 by Confederate troops and imprisoned in Richmond for four months until she was exchanged, with two dozen other Union doctors, for 17 Confederate surgeons.
On July 11, 1904, Dr. Mary Walker visited the Louisianna Purchase Exposition, dressed in a black coat, pants, and a silk hat.
In 1917 her Congressional Medal, along with the medals of 910 others was taken away when Congress revised the Medal of Honor standards to include only “actual combat with an enemy.” She refused to give back her Medal of Honor, wearing it every day until her death.
After the war, Mary Edwards Walker became a writer and lecturer, touring here and abroad on women's rights, dress reform, health and temperance issues. She was elected president of the National Dress Reform Association in 1866. She considered the typical women dresses too constrictive for work.
She invented the idea of using a return postcard for registered mail.
She died in the Town of Oswego on February 21, 1919.
The US post office in 1982, honored Mary, by issuing a 20 cent stamp that commemorated her award of the Congressional Medal of Honor and the second woman to graduate from a medical school in the United States.
Lisle Updike: was born in Erie, Pennsylvania in 1890. He became interested in photography as a teenager visiting the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair. After moving westward to Durango, Colorado, he entered a partnership in 1906 with an older Texas photographer, William Penningto and opened the Pen Dike photographic studio in Durango, Colorado.
Penington maintained the studio while Updike continued his intinerant photography exploits. Financial and personal issues broke up their partnership in 1911.
Updike moved his studio to St. Johns, Arizona in 1912 and renamed it Jen Dike. He joined the Church of Latter Day Saints and married Janet Jarvis the same year. Updike moved his studio to Phoenix in 1932. In 1952 he retired and turned management of the studio over to his son Earl. Lisle Updike died in 1970.
Breckinridge Jones: was born on Oct. 2, 1856, in Kentucky and moved to St. Louis in 1878. Entering the St. Louis Law School & the Summer Law School at the University of Virginia, he later joined the prominent law firm of Lee & Adams.
In 1896, he brought about the organization of a National Association of Trust Companies. He became the president of the Missouri Banker's Association the following year. When he returned to St. Louis, he became one of the founders of the Mississippi Valley Trust Company & eventually became its President during his more than 37 years with the company. A strong supporter of the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair, Breckinridge, one of St. Louis' wealthiest individuals, was one of a committee of 15 who organized the Fair. Jones accompanied David R. Francis to Washington D.C. to secure the endorsement of the
Exposition from the President Roosevelt.
He married Frances Reid Miller on October 21, 1885. Jones visited the Fair with his family on a number of occasions.
On August 13, Jones' wife and two children were thrown out of the carriage due to a bullet sound from the Boer War Reenactment (which frightened the horses). Jones' wife died that night.
William Rainey Harper: was born on July 26, 1856 was a noted academic who helped to organize and was the preidents of the University of Chicago and Bradley University. Harper established himself as one of America's leading academics of the late 19th and early 20th Centuries.
In 1891, John D. Rockefeller selected thirty-five year-old Harper to assist in the organization of the University of Chicago, and shortly thereafter, Harper was named its first President.
In addition to encouraging the establishment for then first department of Egyptology and Sociology in the United States, Harper ensured the establishment of the University of Chicago Press. Harper also instituted the first Extension Service in America designed to bring classes to those who could not attend regular classes because of work or other conflicts. One of Harper's ideas, that students should be able to study the first two years of college in their own communities to be better prepared for the rigors of college, helped lead to the creation of the community college system in the United States.
Harper died on January 10, 1906 of cancer at the age of forty-nine.
Harper was part of a 96 person delegation of the International Congress of Art and Sciences that
attended conferences at the 1904 World's Fair.
Jasper Newton "Jack" Daniel was born on September 5, 1846 was an American distiller and the founder of Jack Daniel's Tennessee whiskey distillery.
One of thirteen children to Calaway Daniel and Lucinda Cook, he may have become a licensed distiller at the age of 16, as the distillery claims a founding date of 1866.
Since Daniel never married and did not have any children, he took his favorite nephew, Lem Motlow, under his wing. Motlow had a head for numbers and was soon doing all the distillery's
bookkeeping. In 1907, due to failing health, Daniel gave the distillery to his nephew
Mr. Jack Daniel travelled in 1904 by train to the St. Louis World's Fair where he entered his charcoal-mellowed whiskey in the international competition.
On October 11, 1911, Daniel died from blood poisoning at Lynchburg in 1911. The infection allegedly set up originally in a toe, which Daniel injured in kicking his safe in anger when he could not get it open early one morning at work.
Simon Newcomb was a famous Astronomer/Mathematician; he born in the town of Wallace, Nova Scotia. His parents were Emily Prince, the daughter of a New Brunswick magistrate, and itinerant school teacher John Burton Newcomb. Newcomb seemed to have had little conventional schooling other than from his father and from a short apprenticeship to Dr. Foshay, a charlatan herbalist, in New Brunswick in 1851.
After arriving in Maryland, Newcomb taught for two years from 1854 to 1856; for the first year in a country school in Massey's Cross Roads, Kent County, then for a year at a school not far south in Sudlersville.
Newcomb studied mathematics and physics privately and supported himself with some school-teaching before becoming a human computer at the Nautical Almanac Office in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1857. At around the same time, he enrolled at the Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard University, graduating BS in 1858.
In 1861, Newcomb took advantage of one of the ensuing vacancies to become professor of mathematics and astronomer at the United States Naval Observatory, Washington D.C.. Newcomb set to work on the measurement of the position of the planets as an aid to navigation, becoming increasingly interested in theories of planetary motion.
In 1878, Newcomb had started planning for a new and precise measurement of the speed of light that was needed to account for exact values of many astronomical constants.
Newcomb was an autodidact and polymath. He wrote on economics and his Principles of political economy (1885) was described by John Maynard Keynes as "one of those original works which a fresh scientific mind." He was credited by Irving Fisher with the first-known enunciation of the equation of exchange between money and goods used in the quantity theory of money. He spoke French, German, Italian and Swedish; was an active mountaineer; widely read; and authored a number of popular science books and a science fiction novel, His Wisdom the Defender
Newcomb died in Washington, DC of bladder cancer and was buried with military honors in Arlington National Cemetery with President William Howard Taft in attendance.
Okakura Kakuzō was a Japanese scholar who contributed to the development of arts in Japan. Outside Japan, he is chiefly remembered today as the author of The Book of Tea. Born on February 14, 1862 in Yokohama to parents originally from Fukui, Okakura learned English while attending a school operated by Christian missionary, Dr. Curtis Hepburn. At 15, he entered Tokyo Imperial University, where he first met and studied under Harvard-educated professor Ernest Fenollosa. He was one of the principal founders of the Tokyo School of Fine Arts, and a year later became its head. Later, he also founded the Japan Art Institute with Hashimoto Gahō and Yokoyama Taikan. He was invited by William Sturgis Bigelow to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in 1904 and became the first head of the Asian art division in 1910. Okakura lectured "Modern Problems in Painting," at the 1904 World's Fair.
Okakura emphasised the importance to the modern world of Asian culture, attempting to bring its influence to realms of art and literature that, in his day, were largely dominated by Western culture.
In his The Book of Tea, which was written in English in 1906, he states:
It (Teaism) insulates purity and harmony, the mystery of mutual charity, the romanticism of the social order. It is essentially a worship of the Imperfect, as it is a tender attempt to accomplish something possible in this impossible thing we know as life.
Outside Japan, Okakura influenced a number of important figures, directly or indirectly, who include Swami Vivekananda, philosopher Martin Heidegger, poet Ezra Pound, and especially poet Rabindranath Tagore and heiress Isabella Stewart Gardner, who were close personal friends of his. Okakura died on September 2, 1913. He was also known by- Okakura Tenshin)