The Palace of Horticulture, the least ornately built palace,   was situated on Agriculture Hill, 250 feet south of the Palace of Agriculture, both designed by architect E. L. Masqueray.   Masquery used the shape of the  Greek cross adding a  center pavilion (400 feet square) and  sunken two wings  (204 by 200 feet) to complete the   227,338 dollar building. 
The palace covered 7.1 acres. 

The palace was broken into two very distinct and different sections. The first was produce, concentrating on fruits and nuts found around the world. The other section was floral  and was located  on a 50-acre area both

 Masqueray-created palaces. The floral display is much more elaborate  and impressive outside of the palace than within.

The center pavilion contained the table exhibits of the pomological department, and here were shown in season; fresh fruits and berries in competition. The space between the Horticultural and Agriculture Palaces, and on the grounds surrounding them both, were ornamental rose gardens in which exhibiting florists and nurserymen maintained their respective beds.

The east wing of the building was a conservatory and furnished exhibit quarters for specimens of plants and for forcing (the process of speeding up blooming or fruit production by changing climate, food, etc.). The western wing opened up to a 76 foot rotunda with an electric water fountain. This wing showcased displays of cut flowers.  

One of the highlights of the  outdoor exhibits was the 5 acre  `living' map of the United States made out of
819 varieties of native plants and vegetables. Walkways  outlines the boundaries between the states and territories of the one inch equals one mile scale map.  The crops growth within each state   were characteristic of what  each region of the US commonly planted. Alfalfa grew in Kansas, while its famous blue grass grew in Kentucky.  Landscape designers grew corn  Illinois, wheat in North Dakota  and  in Louisiana. States well-known for a  diversity of crop, showcased a variety of horticultural produce. The map included The principal lakes and rivers as well as geographic terrain  such as using sand and cactus for arid regions. Children from public school classes work on the map daily. 

Underneath the structures, a huge basement was used to provide cold storage for the fresh fruits and produce.

October 4th was designated Apple Day, every fairgoer to enter the palace received a free apple.

Inside the palace, were vast displays of the different states and territories covering their spaces allowed with wares, produce and a seemingly unlimited variety  of fruits grown in every temperate, tropical and semi-tropical climates. The largest displays were  by Missouri and California. There were  many contests and tasting events or all kinds, including cut flowers.

Over 100,000 8 1/4 inch China plates  created by the Ohio China Company  were used to display the
exhibitors and contestant's wares.    

Outside, the fairgoers were dazzled by  the exterior  horticultural exhibits  located on a 50 acre section of Agriculture Hill. Landscapers utilized the  slopes  of the hill terrain to best  arrangement of the flower beds and aquatic basins and other foliage. Over 100,000 bulbs and 17,000 roses were planted. An huge aquatic plant exhibition covered  more than two acres, and included rare specimens. 

As with the Palace of Agriculture, the massive Horticulture structure's  exhibitors had a flair for  creating  displays to lure the eye or raise the eyebrow.  There were potatoes the size of watermelons and massive pumpkins. 

A few of the  artistic  exhibits:

Nebraska exhibit:   included apples with names and phrases grown 
into the peel. 

California exhibit:   included an enormous  elephant  and a replica 
of the  of the state capitol made out of almonds. 

Mississippi exhibit:  included A horse sculpture  made entirely out 
of pecans.  

South of  The Horticultural Palace  a forty acre  tract of land   was
used for livestock exhibitions. Sheep, cattle, horses, goats, sheep hogs,
dogs, etc. were all shown and exhibited in a wide array of attractions
and contests.  The livestock exhibits occupied 37 acres. 
290,000 dollars in award money  was given out  by the department 
including large special prizes.

A mule from a Morgan County farm in the Ozarks,
received the Mayor¹s Award and 10,000 dollars  at one of 
contests. Thus, the term "Missouri Mule."  

 Modern barns  were  shown.  The daily competitions were performed in a huge ring and spectator stand.  There, the  first dairy goat show  was held in  America.

Each  individual exhibit had the person's name and address on it. 

Citris display inside Palace of Horticulture
Lee  Gaskins'   AT THE FAIR  The 1904 St. Louis World's   Fair  
                     Web  Design and Art/Illustration   copyrighted  2008 

A section of  the  5 acre  `living' map of the United States