COMPANIES  AT  THE  FAIR
Many companies were represented, exhibited,  as well as  sold  their  wares  at  the  1904 World's Fair.  This page  is  NOT  a  list of all the  manufactures and displayers of products.  It  will be  an  ongoing list  a very brief  explanation of  the more known  companies  that exhibited  there.  Please  feel  free to  email me  and  add  a company  as I know  I'll  forget  dozens. I  will  add  a few  companies  a little  at  a time.  The companies  listed  will be  ones  that  were around  for  a  while  or  are  still manufacturing today.

                          Hence this  page is UNDER  CONSTRUCTION.






ANDERSON  PUFFED  RICE  COMPANY:  Dr. Alexander Pierce Anderson immediately set up The Anderson Puffed Rice Company in 1901 after creating a  way  to break down the starches in rice  and  grains. Anderson sold  the treat  at  the 1904  World's  Fair as well as  displayed  his equipment called  a  retort gun. He used 8 guns  to  shoot out puffed rice  at  the public to get  their  attention.  In 1902, Dr. Alexander sold his patent and his services to the Quaker Oats Company. Today, Quaker Oats is a massive American  foods  company stationed in Chicago. In August 2001, Quaker Oats  was bought out by Pepsico.


ANHEUSER-BUSCH BREWING ASSOCIATION:  Anheuser-Busch Brewing traces its origins back to the Bavarian brewery, which was established in 1852. Eberhard Anheuser acquired the Bavarian brewery in 1860 and renamed it.  Adolphus Busch and other brewers hosted the Pike's  "Tyrolean Alps"  at the 1904 World's Fair. Today, Anheuser-Busch produces the two best-selling beers in the world,   operates 12 breweries in the United States; and has operations around the globe.


BALTIMORE  AND  OHIO RAILROAD  COMPANY: The state of Maryland granted the B&O a charter to build a line from Baltimore to Washington, D.C., in 1831, and the Washington Branch was opened in 1835. The company  exhibited  a 100,000 dollar  exhibit  of  locomotives, which included  a 200 ton locomotive  in the Palace of  Transportation  at the 1904 World's  Fair. In April, 1987, the B&O finally went out of corporate existence when it was formally absorbed into CSX Transportation.


BETHLEHEM  STEEL  COMPANY:  In 1857, the Saucona Iron Company was first organized by Augustus Wollethen moved and changed to The Bethlehem Rolling Mill and Iron Company. On May 1, 1861, the company's title was changed  to
The Bethlehem Iron Company. In 1899, the company
assumed the name Bethlehem Steel Company. In the
1930s the company made the steel sections and parts
for the Golden Gate Bridge. Bethlehem Shipbuilding
Corporation's 15 shipyards produced a total of 1,121
ships. At the end of 1995, it closed steel-making at the
main Bethlehem plant. In 2007, the Bethlehem
property was sold to Sands BethWorks, and they 
built  a Sands  Casino  which  was completed in  2009.
Bethlehem Steel  had a huge display in the Palace
of Mines and Metallurgy at the 1904 World's  Fair.







BORDEN'S:   In  1855, dairy products were shipped in unsanitary oak barrels; in 1856, inventor Gail Borden received a patent for condensing milk that would make the  milk   not spoil. 1864 Gail Borden built a factory in Brewster for the production of his Eagle Brand Consolidated Milk and formed the  company-  New York Condensed Milk Company. The company changed its name to the Borden Condensed Milk Company in 1899, and became the Borden Company in 1919. With serious financial problems in the  early  90's,  Borden, Inc. was bought out by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (KKR) in 1995. Borden Food's Meadow Gold
Dairies subsidiary was sold in September 1997 to the
Dairy Farmers of America. Borden Food sold several
pasta lines to the American Italian Pasta Company and
its pasta sauce and soup businesses to the H. J. Heinz
Company. In July 2001, Borden Food sold its remaining
pasta lines to the New World Pasta Company. Borden,
Inc. sold its final product line,  to Kraft Foods in 2001.
There  was a  Borden's Condensed Milk exhibit  at  the
1904  World's  Fair. 














BROWN  SHOE COMPANY: In 1878, George Warren Brown started a  shoe  company in  St. Louis. At the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis, the  25-year-old Brown Shoe Company buys the licensing rights to  cartoonist's Richard Outcault  Buster Brown for 200 dollars. Former circus performer Major Ray is hired to bring Buster Brown to life for Fair visitors.  Today, Brown Shoe is a leading 2.4 billion dollar consumer-driven footwear company with global  operations.


Lee  Gaskins'  AT THE FAIR  The 1904 St. Louis World's   Fair 
                   Web  Design and Art/Illustration   copyrighted  2008
Main
Misc.


BULLOCK ELECTRIC  MANUFACTURING  COMPANY: (Bullock Electric Motor & Dynamo Company), was first established in 1884  as the Geo. F. Card  and  O.W. Jantz  Manufacturing  Company. They  showcased  a  3,500 a K.W. generator in the Palace of  Machinery  at  the 1904  World's  Fair. Bullock's Ohio charter was  canceled in  1928 and  was  bought up  by Allis-Chalmers, which was also  at  the Fair.  In 1978, Allis-Chalmers formed a join venture with Siemens A.G.  The current business is named Siemens Energy and Automation.


COCA-COLA:  In 1886, John  Pemberton developed Coca-Cola, essentially a non-alcoholic version of French Wine Cola. The first sales were at Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia, on May 8, 1886. It was initially sold as a patent medicine for five cents  a glass at soda fountains. Coca-Cola did once contain an estimated nine milligrams of cocaine per glass, but in 1903 it was removed by  using  "spent" leaves.  The `soda' was  sold at the 1904 World's Fair  but had few vendors. Today, the Coca-Cola Company is the world's largest beverage company.


G.C. CONN: usually  called- Conn, the company was founded by Charles Gerard Conn.  Conn's first factory was destroyed by fire 29 January 1883 (his thirty-ninth birthday), and he erected a new building on the same site. The company  was a United States manufacturer of musical instruments, especially brass instruments. In 1969 C.G. Conn Ltd. was sold to the Crowell-Collier MacMillan Company. In 1980 the company was sold to Daniel Henkin, and in 1986, the Swedish conglomerate Skâne Gripen bought Conn  and created a new parent corporation, United Musical Instruments. In 2000, UMI was purchased by Steinway Musical Instruments, and in January 2003 the UMI assets were merged with The Selmer Company to create Conn-Selmer, a subsidiary of Steinway Musical Instruments.


















DR PEPPER  COMPANY:    Dr Pepper was formulated by Brooklyn-born pharmacist Charles Alderton in Morrison's Old Corner Drug Store in Waco, Texas and was first  served in 1885. In 1904, the company introduced Dr Pepper to 20 million people attending the 1904, World's Fair Exposition, in St. Louis. Today, Dr Pepper/Seven Up, Inc.  is the number three soft drink maker in the world.


GENERAL  ELECTRIC  COMPANY:  In 1890, Thomas Edison  brought together several of his business interests under one corporation to form Edison General Electric. General Electric was formed by the 1892 merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston Company. They exhibited fine instruments,  special motor applications, and a 2000 K.W. turbo generator  at the 1904 World's Fair. In 2009, Forbes  ranked GE as the world's largest company.

GIBSON MANDOLIN-GUITAR  MFG. CO.: Though Orville Gibson, a restaurant clerk in Kalamazoo, MI.  created his  first  instrument in 1894,   he formed the musical comapany on
October 10, 1902. Within 6 months, five Kalamazoo businessmen buy rights to his name Gibson  sells his stock to his local saloon keeper. The company sported their wares inthe Palace of  Liberal Arts.  The Les Paul  guitar  was  designed in the  early  50's. Today,  the Gibson Guitar Corporation, of Nashville, Tennessee, USA, is a manufacturer of acoustic and electric guitars under their  own name,  as  well  as the  brands: Epiphone, Kramer, Valley Arts, Tobias, Steinberger, and Kalamazoo.



HIRES ROOT  BEER  COMPANY:   was created by a Philadelphia pharmacist  Charles Elmer Hires.  In 1884, he began producing a liquid extract and a syrup for use in soda fountains, and in  1890, the Charles E. Hires company was incorporated and began supplying Hires root beer in small bottles. Hires  had  five stands on the 1904 World's Fairgrounds and he  cleared 6,000 dollars.  Consolidated Foods bought the company from the Hires family in 1960, only to sell it two years later to Crush International. Procter & Gamble bought Crush in 1980, and sold it to Cadbury Schweppes in 1989. Cadbury spun off its soft drinks as Dr Pepper Snapple Group in 2008.


H. J. HEINZ COMPANY: Henry J. Heinz created
the company in  1896. Famous for its "57
Varieties" slogan and its ketchup, Heinz is an
American food company with world headquarters
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Heinz was
an exhibitor at the 1904 World's Fair. 
Today, they manufacture thousands of food
products in plants on six continents. Heinz
ranked first in ketchup in the United
States with a market share in excess
of 50 percent.



ROBERT H. INGERSOLL & BROS.:  was a company founded by an American businessman who produced the "Dollar Watch," the first mass-produced inexpensive pocket watch. Mving to New York City in 1879, Ingersoll became an inventor while operating
a mail-order bicycle parts business. He established his
first watch factory at Waterbury, Connecticut in 1891,
and the first Ingersoll "Dollar Watch" was produced in
1892. Ingersoll watches  were sold in the Palace of
Manufacturers at the 1904 World's  Fair. Ingersoll
later bought the New England Watch Company in
1914 and renamed it the Ingersoll Watch Company.
The company went bankrupt in 1921 following its
over-expansion during World War I. Its assets were
sold to the Waterbury Clock Company, the
predecessor of the modern Timex Corporation.









INDIANAPOLIS BREWING COMPANY:  The Casper Maus Brewery, Gack & Biser, and C. F. Schmidt Brewing Companies  formed the basis of the Indianapolis Brewing Company started by an "English syndicate" in 1887. Peter Lieber was the president of the new company for it's first year, retiring in 1888 due to ill health.

They also won the grand prize gold at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904.

Reincorporated as Indiana Breweries, Inc. after 1933's prohibition, they were renamed back to Indianapolis Brewing Co. in 1935. Reportedly,  the Indianapolis Brewing Company closed when the president, Lawrence Barden, went to jail for short-filling bottles.

In 1938 IBC appealed a case to the US Supreme Court to fight Michigan's beer importation laws. They lost.



INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER COMPANY:  can be  traced back to the 1830s, when Viriginian  inventor  Cyrus Hall McCormick,  patented his version of a horse-drawn reaper in 1834. Together with his brother, McCormick moved to Chicago in 1847 and started the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company. The company  had  a 16,000 foot display in the Palace of  Agriculture at the 1904  World's  Fair. In 1974, the 5 millionth IHC tractor was produced at the Rock Island Farmall plant. In 1979, IHC profits were at their highest in 10 years, but   the company was still strapped for cash, which led to a strike on November 2, 1979. International Harvester, following many hours of negotiations, agreed to sell the Ag division to Tenneco, Inc. on November 26, 1984. In 1986 Harvester changed the corporate name to Navistar International Corporation, today Navistar  continues to manufacture medium- and heavy-duty trucks, school buses, and engines under the International brand name.


















JACK  DANIELS:  Founder Jasper Newton "Jack" Daniel fouinded the  distillery in  1875. Mr. Jack Daniel travelled in 1904 by train to the St. Louis World's Fair where he entered his charcoal-mellowed whiskey in the international competition.  Today, Jack Daniel's is  produced in Lynchburg, Tennessee by Jack Daniel Distillery, which has been owned by the Brown-Forman Corporation since 1956.



JOSEPH SCHLITZ BREWING COMPANY:   was an American  brewery  based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The company was founded by August Krug in 1849 but acquired by Joseph Schlitz in 1858. Schlitz  was  sold  at  the  1904  World's  Fair. The  company  remained the No. 2 brewery in America as late as 1976. The company  was sold  to Strohs, which  was taken over by Pabst in 1999. The beer  brand was discontinued in 2001. In 2008, the beer  was `reintroduced' to  the public.




LIBBEY  GLASS COMPANY:   formed from the  New England Glass Company in 1818.  William Libbey joined New England Glass and in 1880, the company was renamed W.L. Libbey and Son, Proprietors.  Edward Libbey in 1888  moved the   glass-manufacturing establishment from Massachusetts to Toledo, Ohio.  The Libbey Glass Company produced bottles, containers, window glass. Libby Glass  was  showcased in the Palace  of Manufactures. Today, Libbey is a leading provider of tableware products to the foodservice industry. It manufactures and distributes a broad range of glassware, dinnerware, and flatware, to restaurants, bars, hotels, nightclubs, healthcare, etc.



LOG CABIN:  was introduced in 1887. Minnesota grocer Patrick J. Towle named the syrup in honor of his childhood hero, President Abraham Lincoln,
and his childhood in a log cabin. The brand was
acquired by General Foods in 1927, until it merged 
with   General Foods, then  Kraft in 1990. Kraft
sold Log Cabin to Aurora Foods in 1997. Pinnacle
Foods acquired Aurora in 2003. The syrup  was 
sold  at the 1904 World's Fair under the  name:
Towle's Log Cabin Maple Syrup Co.  




NATIONAL CASH REGISTER CO.: began as the National Manufacturing Company of Dayton, Ohio, which was established to manufacture and sell the first mechanical cash register, invented in 1879 by James Ritty. In 1884 the company and patents were bought by John & Frank Patterson and the firm was renamed the National Cash Register Company. They  sported their  ware in the Palaces of  Manufacturers, Liberal Arts  and  Electricity at the 1904 World's Fair. Today,   NCR Corporation is a technology company specializing in products designed for  self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners, and business consumables.



OTIS  ELEVATOR  COMPANY:  was founded in Yonkers, New York, USA in 1853 by Elisha Otis;  the company pioneered the development of the safety elevator, invented by Otis, which used a special mechanism to lock the elevator car if  the hoisting ropes fail. At the 1904 World's Fair, Otis  Elevator had three displays at the Palace of Machinery, and one in the Palace of  Electricity.  Otis was acquired by United Technologies in 1976 and is a wholly-owned subsidiary. Today, Otis Elevator  is the world's largest manufacturer of vertical transportation systems today. Their  elevators carry the equivalent of the world's population every nine days


PARKER BROTHERS: Initially called the George S. Parker Company, in his hometown of Salem, Massachusetts in 1883, when brother  Charles joined the business in 1888, the company's name was changed to Parker Bros.  Parker brothers  games, such  as the card  game  Rook, was  showcased in the Palace  of Manufactures at the 1904 World's Fair. In 1935, Parker Brothers released a new board game called Monopoly. Parker Brothers is a toy and game manufacturer and brand. In 1963, General Mills purchased the company. During the 1980s, General Mills merged the company with their subsidiary Kenner and then was acquired by Tonka in 1987. In 1991, Tonka, including Parker Brothers was bought by and is a subsidiary of Hasbro. Today, the company  has published more than 1800 games, including:  Monopoly, Clue, Risk, and  Trivial Pursuit.


PILLSBURY: Initially  founded  as C.A. Pillsbury and Company  in 1872 by Charles Alfred Pillsbury and his uncle John Sargent Pillsbury. The
company was the first in the United States
to use steam rollers for processing grain.
In 1889, Pillsbury and its five mills on
the banks of the Mississippi River were
purchased by a British company. In 1923,
the Pillsbury family reacquired the
Pillsbury-Washburn Flour Mills
Company, Ltd. which subsequently
was incorporated in 1935 as Pillsbury
Flour Mills Company. In 1989, the
British company Grand Metropolitan
( which will become  Diageo) purchased
the Pillsbury. In 2001, Pillsbury merged
with rival General  Mills, though its baking
products division was sold to International
Multifoods Corporation, which was later
acquired by Smucker's.  Pillsbury  had a
40 x 45 foot exhibit  that  won  three
Grand  awards.





POLAND  WATER  COMPANY:   was founded in 1845 by Hiram Ricker. Poland Spring water is derived from multiple sources in the state of Maine. At the
1904 World's Fair, the Poland Water Company had
a 300  square foot display  at the Palace of  Mines 
and  Metalurgy. Today, it is the top-selling spring
water brand in America. Poland  Springs is a
subsidiary of Nestlé.















PULLMAN  COMPANY:  George Pullman established his company in 1862 and built luxury sleeping train cars which featured carpeting, draperies, upholstered chairs, libraries and card tables and an unparalleled level of customer service. On December 26, 1934, Pullman Car & Manufacturing  merged with Standard Steel Car Co. to form the Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company. In 1947,  the Pullman Company was sold to a consortium of fifty-seven railroads for around 40 million dollars.  Operations of the Pullman Company sleeper cars ceased and all leases were terminated on December 31, 1968. In 1987,  Bombardier purchased Pullman Technology to gain control of its designs and patents.  In 1984, the remaining railcar manufacturing plants and the Pullman-Standard freight car designs and patents were sold to Trinity Industries. In late 1980s, Pullman  becamne  a subsidary of  Wheelabrator-Frye. In January 1982, Wheelabrator-Frye merged with M. W. Kellogg.























SINGER MANUFACTURING  COMPANY:   was first
established as I.M. Singer & Co. in 1851 by Isaac
Merrit Singer with New York lawyer Edward Clark. Best
known for its sewing machines, it was renamed Singer
Manufacturing Company in 1865. It was changed to The
Singer Company in 1963. Singer  had  twelve displays at
the 1904  World's  fair.  Today, in addition to its American
factories the Company eventually had production plants
in Canada, Germany and Russia.



SOUTHERN COMFORT  COMPANY:  Irish bartender Martin Wilkes Heron created the fruit, spice and whiskey flavored   liqueur. He moved to Memphis, Tennessee in 1889, patented his creation, and began selling it in sealed bottles. Southern Comfort won the gold medal at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, Missouri. Southern Comfort gained greater popularity for being the drink of choice of singer Janis Joplin.

STEINWAY  AND  SON. INC. Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano maker of the Steinweg brand, emigrated from Germany to America in 1850 with his wife and six of their seven children. In 1853, he founded Steinway & Sons. His first workshop was in a small
loft at the back of 85 Varick Street in Manhattan, New York
City.   Tough they didn't  have  an official  both  at  the 1904
World's Fair, they were asked to exhibit two marvelously carved
Steinway pianos  in the New York State  building. Today,  the
Steinway name is still legendary among piano lovers; long
heralded as the epitome of piano craftsmanship and achievement. 
The world's most expensive grand piano was custom-built by
Steinway's factory in Hamburg, Germany, in 2008 for 1.2 million
Euros.




STUDEBAKER BROTHERS MANUFACTORING CO.:  was a United States wagon and automobile  manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. Founded in 1852 aunder the name of the Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company, the company was originally a producer of wagons for farmers, miners and the military. The Studebaker Bros. Mfg. Co. showcased their  wares in the Palace of Transportation  at  the  1904  World's  Fair. They  entered the automotive business in 1902 with electric vehicles and in 1904 with gasoline  vehicles. Over the next 50 years, the company established an enviable reputation for quality and reliability. The South Bend plant ceased production on December 20, 1963.



UNDERWOOD  TYPEWRITER COMPANY: The original Underwood typewriter was invented by German-American Franz X. Wagner, who showed it to entrepreneur John T. Underwood. Underwood  bought the company from Wagner and began making Underwood No. 1 and No. 2, typewriters  between 1896 and 1900. The comapny  has  a n elaborate display in the Palace of Liberal  Arts. During World War II Underwood produced M1 carbines for the war effort. An Italian company- Olivetti  merged with Underwood on October 1963, becoming known in the US as Olivetti-Underwood, and entered the electromechanical calculator  business Olivetti was absorbed into the Telecom Italia group, and by 2005  re-launched Olivetti.

UNITED STATES PLAYING  CARD  COMPANY:  began as an offshoot of a printing business founded in Cincinnati in 1867 by four men named Russell, Morgan, Armstrong, and Robinson. In 1891 Russell, Morgan and Company was renamed The United States Printing Company, until its common name  was  officially  established in 1894.  They  has  a booth in the Palace of  Manufacturers (group 36) at the 1904  World's  Fair. In 1969,  Diamond International acquired them. 25 years later, they are bought  by Frontenac.  USPC was acquired by the Jarden Corporation in 2004.  Today,  The United States Playing Card Company is the leader in the production and distribution of premier brands of playing cards, including Bee, Bicycle, and  Hoyle playing cards.




WELCH FOODS INC: In 1869, Thomas Bramwell Welch, founded Welch's in  Vineland, NJ. During the 1904 World's  Fair,  Welch's grape juice booths grossed 20,856.10 dollars in concessions.  Today, the company is headquartered in Concord, Massachusetts and is  owned by the National Grape Cooperative Association, a co-op of grape growers. Grape and Strawberry  soda brands  are licensed by the Dr. Pepper  Snapple  Group.






WESTINGHOUSE AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY:  Westinghouse Electric Corporation founded in 1886.  Westinghouse  provided  four  3,200  horse-power  generators  to
exhibit at the 1904 World's Fair.  The company was
purchased CBS in 1995. They now provide fuel,
services, technology, plant design, and equipment
to utility and industrial customers in the worldwide
commercial nuclear electric power industry.
















WHEELER  CONDENSING  AND  ENGINEERING CO: was formed in 1891, with offices in New York City and a plant in Carteret, New Jersey. Its steam condensers, pumps, and heat exchangers were bought primarily by the power and marine industries. Wheeler had a  large  display  in the Palace of  Machinery at the 1904  World's Fair. The present company, Foster Wheeler Corporation, was formed in 1927 from a merger of the Power Speciality Company (which replaced Water Works Supply Company, created by the Foster family in 1884. Today, their interntional corporation alone-  Foster Wheeler Ltd. is an international company overseeing a wide range of engineering and construction enterprises in more than 30 countries across the globe.


WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS  COMPANY: started out  from a Horace Smith and Daniel Wesson partnership of Norwich, Connecticut. They acquired Lewis Jennings' improved version of inventor Walter Hunt's 1848 "Volition Repeating Rifle" and its caseless "Rocket Ball" ammunitionn. In  1866,  Oliver Winchester,  reorganized the New Haven Arms into  the  Winchester Repeating Arms Company. In 1904, the company  had  an  exhibition at  the 1904 World's  Fair  uin the palace  of  manufacturrs.  After a strike the plant was sold to its employees in 1980, incorporated as the U.S. Repeating Arms Company, with a licence to make Winchester arms. In 1989 the arms  company  was  sold to an arms making cartel. On January 16, 2006 U.S. Repeating Arms announced it was closing its Connecticut plant. On August 15, 2006, Olin Corporation (owner of the Winchester trademarks), announced that it had an agreement with Browning to make Winchester brand rifles and shotguns. Winchester  Repeating Arms Company, is a  subsidiay of FN Herstal.
Heinz Pickle booth at the Palace of  Agriculture
Borden's  Condensed Milk Exhibit
International Harvester International of  America
Poland  Water  Company
Westinghouse  and Manufacturing Company
Pullman  Company
G.C.Conn
Singer Sewing Exhibit
A Steinway Piano  elaborately carved and painted with NY. state  scenes,one of two pianos displayed  at  the New York State building.
Ingersoll Watch Headquarters at the Palace of  Varied Industries.
Towle's  Log Cabin Maple Syrup  Exhibit.
Pillsbury  Flour  Mills
Bethlehem Steel Company